Bushy Park, "Bushy House"

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"Bushy House", Bushy Park

Road: Bushy Park

Property: "Bushy House"

Bushy House, Bushy Park

Listed grade II* in 1952

Now part of the National Physical Laboratory, Bushy House has a long history with royal connections, particularly as the one time home of the Duke of Clarence, the future King William IV, and Queen Adelaide. It was also occupied for a time by the second son of the former king of France, Louis Phillipe.

The NPL has produced a history of Bushy House which can be found on its website at:

http://www.npl.co.uk/about/history/

The NPL history describes a house being constructed here in 1663 but the listing description indicates that the current house is 18th century.

The listing description is as follows:

"Present mansion built for Lord Halifax in reign of George II on site of earlier building. Home for 36 years of William IV both as Duke of Clarence and also after his accession. Various alterations and additions of his date. Now house of the Director of the National Physical Laboratory, with basement and ground floor used as laboratories. Stands in its own grounds of 7 acres. The original house consists of a square centre block with a lower square pavilion at each corner linked to the main front by a curved screen wall and passage. All in brown brick, red dressings. The early C19 alterations and additions are in stock brick and the whole house was re-sashed at this date. Centre block: 3-storeys and basement. Seven windows on all fronts, bands between storeys and small cornice below top floor. Parapet with stone capping. Old greenish slate roof. Pavilions: One-storey, 3 round-headed windows (many blank) with stone archivolts and key blocks, eaves cornice. Slate roof with lead hips with little urn finials.

East (Main Entrance) Front: 3-window centre slightly recessed. Central stone porch with fluted and reeded Ionic columns with enriched caps, and swags carved in the round between the volutes, enriched entablature and cornice. Original wrought iron railings to steps. Round-headed window on either side of porch. Early C19 one-storey buildings built into the curve of screen walls and against pavilions, 4 windows to sides and semi-circular bays at ends.

South (Garden) Front: Overlooking Bushy Park. Windows 1-5-1 with central round-headed window on first floor. Windows at either end of facade blocked (when extra chimneys inserted in early C19). Ground floor stuccoed and windows altered to French under lead-roofed iron verandah across front with central projecting porch at head of double flight of steps. Windows on top floor modern casements. Curved passages to pavilions with round-headed windows. The pavilions themselves have stone Tuscan porches filled in with brick work and with round-headed windows, on the sides facing each other. On the ends they are stuccoed with tall square-headed windows under lead hooded iron verandahs across the front.

West Front (also on Garden): As east front (q.v.) with early C19 buildings in angles of screen walls and pavilions. Early C19 Tuscan porch with 3 columns grouped at the corners.

North Front: Masked by early C19 stock brick additions - notably a wing built out in centre. These are 3-storey but much lower; 3 windows each side with plain modillion cornice and slate roof. Central stock of coupled arches. Wooden porte cochere. This part contained the later kitchen and service quarters. Facing across what was once the coach yard are some other early C19 buildings formerly the stables.

Interior: Mainly of early C19 and later and very plain. Little of the original decoration remains beyond 2 staircases and some panelling and carved doors and shutters, and the fireplace and woodwork of the hall. Many of the rooms are now lined with distempered paper over canvas apparently covering the earlier panelling. There is one small octagonal room, "The Little Library", lined with early C19 grained yellow and black bookcases with "Gothic" wire grilles."

The following link takes you to the full entry for this building on Historic England's website:

http://list.historicengland.org.uk/resultsingle.aspx?uid=1080870

© Historic England 1952. The National Heritage List for England entry contained in this material was obtained on 6/12/13. The most publicly available up to date National Heritage List Entries can be obtained from www.historicengland.org.uk


This page is part of the Directory of Buildings of Townscape Merit (BTMs) and Listed Buildings in Teddington assembled by the Planning and History Groups of The Teddington Society. Click on any photo for a higher resolution version. Copyright for the material on this page rests with the contributor.